Boston is the capital of Massachusetts and is one of the oldest cities in the
U.S. The city was founded by Puritan colonists from England in 1630. During the
late 1700s it was the location of historical events such as the Boston Massacre
and the Boston Tea Party—events which led to the beginning of the American
Revolution. The city is home to America's first public school, Boston Latin
School (founded in 1635). Boston is home to the first subway (1897) in the U.S. Also, Boston Common, which dates back to 1634, is the oldest public park in the country.
Boston has many nicknames. Bean Town, City on a Hill, Cradle of Liberty, The Hub, Olde Towne, and Title Town to name a few.
- Bean Town - refers to Boston baked beans, a local dish.
- City on a Hill - refers to the three original hills of Boston.
- Cradle of Liberty - location to major events of the American Revolution.
- The Hub - cultural and economic hub of New England.
- Olde Towne - one of the oldest cities in the U.S.
- Title Town - refers to the dominance in sports. Celtics with 17 NBA Championships, Red Sox with seven World Series, Bruins with five Stanley Cups, and the Patriots with three Super Bowl wins.
Boston was built on Shawmut Peninsula which was connected to the mainland by a narrow stretch of land. This isthmus was surrounded by Massachusetts Bay and the Back Bay. There were three original hills of Boston: Pemberton, Mt. Vernon Hill, and Beacon Hill. The name Tremont is derived from these three hills. Only Beacon Hill remains as a
prominent hill on the landscape. Beacon Hill is now about half of it's original height during settlement. Between 1631 and 1890 the physical size of Boston land tripled.
Material was used to fill the marshes, mud flats and coves. After the great Boston fire of 1872, building rubble was used as landfill along the downtown waterfront. Land was also created in a process known as wharfing out.
Neighborhoods in Boston
Boston is sometimes referred to as a city of neighborhoods. There are 21 official neighborhoods in the City of Boston. These neighborhoods include:
Allston/Brighton, Back Bay, Bay Village, Beacon Hill, Charlestown, Chinatown/Leather District, Dorchester, Downtown/Financial District, East Boston, Fenway/Kenmore, Hyde Park, Jamaica Plain, Mattapan, Mission Hill, North End, Roslindale, Roxbury, South Boston, South End, West End, and West Roxbury.
The Freedom Trail is a red path through Boston that leads to 16 historic sites. It's a 2.5 mile walk from Boston Common to Bunker Hill Monument.
- Boston Common - photos
- Massachusetts State House - photos
- Park Street Church - photos
- Granary Burying Ground - photos
- King's Chapel - photos
- King's Chapel Burying Ground - photos
- Benjamin Franklin statue and former site of the first public school, Boston Latin School - photos
- Old Corner Bookstore - photos
- Old South Meeting House - photos
- Old State House - photos
- Site of the Boston Massacre - photos
- Faneuil Hall - photos
- Paul Revere House - photos
- Old North Church - photos
- Copp's Hill Burying Ground - photos
- USS Constitution - photos
- Bunker Hill Monument - photos
Visit the Official Website of the Freedom Trail for more information.